New Model Master English
Words/Phrases

 

Proper Use of Certain Words/Phrases

Prefer and would rather:- We use:

1. “Prefer to do” or “Prefer doing” to say what we prefer in general.

  • Prefer’ is used in several paterns. It may be used with a direct object.
    (e.g)Do you prefer Mango or Apple?
  • It may be used with a noun or a pronoun and an adjective or an adjective phrase.
    (e.g)I prefer my Coffee strong.
    I prefer it without milk.
  • It may be used with an infinitive
    (e.g)Miller prefers to book hotel rooms in advance.
    Rather than’ is also used along with ‘prefer to’ when two preferences occured.
    But ‘rather than’ is followed by a bare infinitive (infinitive without ‘to’)
    (e.g)I prefer ot read rather than sit listening to the radio (not ‘to sit’)
  • It may also be used with a gerund.
    (e.g)I prefer driving to travelling by train.
    Joh prefers walking to fishing.

Compare the follwoing sentences:-

1. He preferred to go out in the evening rather than stay home.
2. He preferred going out in the evening to staying at home.

We use ‘rather than’ in sentence 1. Without infinitive ‘to’ We use gerund in sentence 2 with ‘to’.

2. Would rather:-
Would rather = would prefer to do

  • Would rather like prefer, may be used with an infinitive, but without ‘to’.
    (e.g)a) He preferes to be alone.
        He would rather be alone.
    b) He would rather go.
        He would prefer to go.
    c) She would rather stay.
        She would prefer to stay.
  • Would rather’ is used when some one wants to do in a particular situtation (Not in general)
    (e.g)Shall we go by train?
    Well I’d prefer to go in car / Well I’d rather go in car (not to go)

Note the structure:-

(e.g)I‘d rather do something than (do) something else.
I‘d rather stay at home than go to the cinema.
  • Would rather’ can be used with ‘than’ followed by an infinitive without ‘to’
    (e.g)a) She would rather die than marry him.
    b) I would rather read a novel than see that useless picture.
    Definition(We should not ‘use’ infinitive to / a gerund after than)
    (She would rather die than marrying him ‘is incorrect)
  • Would rather’ can be used with different subjects before and after it, to say that one person would prefer another to do something. In this case, we use a past tense with a present or future meaning.
    (e.g)a) I would rather cook the dinner now.
        I would rather you cooked the dinner now. (not cook)
    b) I would rather you went home now.
        I would prefer you to go home now.
    c) I would rather you wore your blue dress.
        I would prefer you to wear your blue dress.

3. Adjectives:
The following Latin Adjectives always take ‘to’ instead of ‘than’ after them.
They are not preceeded by more but by much.

junior, senior superior, inferior, prior, anterior, posterior;
(e.g)a) She is junior to me in age (not than me)
b) You are senior to me in service.
c) The pen is superior to that.
d) The cloth is inferior to this.
e) He had seen me prior to your visit.
f) This event was posterior / anterior to that.

4. Tell / Told:
The verb tell is always followed by either a direct or an direct object without ‘to’ Says to = tell.

(e.g)a) Tell me about your new job.
b) He told us of his wonderful adventures in foreign lands.
c) I always tell the children a story before they go to bed.
d) I told you he was a fool.
‘I told to’ is wrong usage.
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